The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers a number of tips to help workers reduce their risk of injury or illness during the summer months, which include preventing harm done by the sun, dealing with extreme heat, and coping with insects.
In order to protect your skin from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, it is important to stay out of the sun by avoiding unnecessary exposure during the hottest times of the day. Wearing a broad-rimmed hat and a light, long-sleeve shirt can drastically reduce the chances of sunburn and eye damage.
Wearing sunscreen with a high SPF rating is also a proven way to ward off the negative effects of the sun.
Those who work outside at construction sites or in agriculture fields are at high risk for heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion or heat stroke, which can significantly impair a worker servicing safety equipment and machinery. To avoid this, employers should allow flexibility in work arrangements so that rests may be taken. In addition, they should make sure that a first aid kit is on hand so workers have the necessary items to handle small-scale medical situations.
Another hazard of outdoor working is the threat of insect bites and stings, which could possibly endanger the lives of workers. When working around potentially harmful insects, it is important to wear work gloves and the proper footwear and clothing to prevent being stung or bitten.