Facts about 1-bromopropane

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) issued a hazard alert for workplaces that use 1-bromopropane (1-BP). This solvent is commonly used in manufacturing, dry cleaning, and degreasing applications (1) and can cause serious health issues.

Below are important facts outlined by OSHA and NIOSH about 1-bromopropane:

• 1-BP is most often found in: solvent sprays such as those used to maintain aircraft, produce asphalt, and manufacture synthetic fibers; dry cleaning; applications involving adhesive sprays; and degreasing plastics, metals, optical, and electronic components 
• Exposure to 1-BP can cause neurologic disorders. Animal research has also shown 1-BP to cause cancer and reproductive issues
• Workers are exposed by breathing in vapors or mists and through contact with the skin. Protect workers eyes, mouth, and skin from any contact with 1-BP by supplying the proper respiratory protection, gloves, protective clothing, and eye protection like safety glasses and goggles
• Worker health has been affected after as little as two days of exposure, although illness more commonly occurs after extended exposure
• Employers are required to provide health and safety information on hazardous chemicals used in the workplace, including safety data sheets (SDS) that outline essential information about each chemical
• The most effective way to avoid exposure is to substitute a less hazardous chemical for 1-BP
• Engineering controls like isolation, ventilation, and special equipment can also help significantly reduce exposure to 1-BP
• Consider administrative controls as a means of limiting 1-BP exposure. Some ideas include reducing exposure time, reducing the amount of employees exposed, keeping 1-BP containers closed when the chemical is not being used, and buying, storing, and using the smallest possible amount
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is essential when engineering or administrative controls are being repaired, are not effective, or are not feasible

Chemicals play an essential role in many industrial applications. Protect workers who use 1-BP and other chemicals by providing them with thorough information and appropriate PPE

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